In this Health Article:
- What Causes Depression?
- What Are the Types of Depression?
- What Are the Symptoms of Depression?
- What Are the Diagnosis & Tests for Depression?
- What Are the Treatments Available for Depression?
- How Do You Cope Up with Depression?
- What Are the Ways to Prevent Depression?
- Medications for Depression Available at InternationalDrugMart.com
- Self Care – The Bottom Line to Lower Your Depression
IntroductionDepression is a mental health disorder. It affects your body, mood and thoughts. A depressive disorder is a condition that reflects sad and/or irritable mood exceeding normal sadness or grief. Though depression is common, it is a serious illness and requires utmost care and attention.
What Causes Depression?There is no single factor that triggers depression. It often results from a combination of genetic, biochemical, environmental, and psychological factors. Research indicates that depression is related to physical changes in the brain especially the imbalance of Neurotransmitter-chemicals that carries signals in your brain and nerves. However, there is no clear thesis or theory of why this imbalance occurs. Others factors for depression might include family history, trauma and stress like financial problems, breakup of relationships or the death of loved ones. Pessimistic personality also triggers depression. People with low self-esteem and negative outlook are the highest risk of getting depressed. Physical conditions like heart disease, cancer and HIV can contribute to depression mainly because of the stress they bring on. Other psychological disorders like eating disorder, schizophrenia can also attribute to depression.
What Are the Types of Depression?
Major Depression: Also termed as major depressive disorder, this is the most severe category of depression. Major depression is characterized by a combination of symptoms that interfere with the ability to work, study, sleep, eat and enjoy once fond of activities. Most of the people have only one episode of major depression; however it may recur in some people. Symptoms of major depression include sadness, anxiety, irritability, loss of interest in favorite activities, withdrawal from social activities and inability to concentrate.
Dysthymia: Dysthimia or dysthymic disorder is a chronic depression, but with less severity than major depression. A person with dysthymic disorder will probably lead a normal life, but may not be functioning well or feeling good. The essential symptom includes daily depressed mood for at least two hours. Some of the symptoms of dysthymia include low energy levels, sleep or appetite disturbances, and thoughts of death or suicide and low self-esteem. Some people with dysthymic disorder also experience major depression thus swinging between severe and mild depression levels. This is called as double depression.
Psychotic Depression: This kind of depressive illness is accompanied by some form of psychosis, such as breaks with reality, hallucinations and delusions. Some of the symptoms include anxiety, agitation, insomnia, paranoia, physical immobility, intellectual impairment and psychosis.
Postpartum Depression: Most of the new mothers experience postpartum depression within one month after delivery. It is estimated that 10 to 15 percent of women experience postpartum depression after giving birth.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): As the name suggests this is a seasonal depressive disorder that occurs mostly in the start of winter when there is less sunlight. Mostly this kind of depressive disorder ends in spring or early summer. A rare form of SAD known as summer depression also occurs in late spring or early summer and ends in fall. Light therapy is often used to treat SAD; however, people who do not respond to light therapy alone are supplemented by psychotherapy and antidepressant medications.
Bipolar Disorder: Also called as manic-depression or manic-depressive illness, is not as common as major depression or dysthymia. This kind of disorder is characterized by cycling mood changes from extreme highs (e.g., mania) to extreme lows (e.g., depression). These mood swings are rapid and dramatic, but are usually gradual. Symptoms of the depressed state are similar to a depressive disorder. A person in the manic state may be overactive, over talkative and have great deal of energy. Mania affects thinking, judgment and social behavior of the affected person. Mania, left untreated, may worsen to a psychotic state, where the person is out of touch with reality.
What Are the Symptoms of Depression?Feeling of sadness or loss of interest is one of the most recognized symptoms of depression. The others include feelings of hopelessness, pessimism, feeling of guilt, irritability, restlessness, loss of interest in hobbies, pleasurable activities including sex, fatigue, decreased energy, difficult concentrating, overeating or appetite loss, thoughts of suicide, persistent aches, pains, headaches, cramps or digestive problems also contribute to depression. In short, if you experience some combination of physical and emotional symptoms for more than a week, discuss your concerns with doctor.
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What Are the Diagnosis & Tests for Depression?Depression is diagnosed based on the symptoms reported to the doctor. The doctor or the mental health professional conducts certain physical examination for viruses or thyroid disorder which can cause the same symptom as depression. They also conduct personal interviews with patients enquiring about family history of depression, and the complete history of symptoms like when they started, how long did they last, their severity, whether it has occurred before, if so, how they were treated.
What Are the Treatments Available for Depression?Treatments of depression are unique for each individual. Some gets cured with antidepressants while others require psychotherapy or light therapy. Antidepressants like Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), Trycyclic antidepressants, Hetrocyclics and Moanoamine oxidase inhibitors are found to be safe and effective, even for severe depression. However, these medications have potential side effects and it is advisable to consult a mental health professional before starting any dosage. There are several forms of Psychotherapy to treat depressive disorders. It includes individual, group and family therapy whereby the therapist talk with the patients to identify unhealthy thought and abnormal behavioral patterns to modify. Light therapy is often used for patients who suffer from Seasonal Affective Depression (SAD). Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) which is given as a series of treatments is found to be effective in treating depression that does not respond to medications. In ECT, electrical current is passed through the patient’s brain to cause seizure.
How Do You Cope Up with Depression?You are not alone. Approximately 16% of the population has suffered from depression at least once in their lives and it is expected that by 2020, it will be the major cause of disability behind heart disease. Besides medications, you may have to explore other options that would help you cope with depressions. Some of them include
- Determine if you are really depressed, if so, meet a psychiatrist immediately.
- Keep breathing which indicates you are winning.
- Share some time with your religious groups or seek guidance from well wishers
- Avoid depressing movies, songs and especially depressive people.
- Seek professional help immediately if you have thoughts of suicide or self-injury.
- Stay busy by keeping your brain occupied through some work.
- Keep you surrounding warm and well-lit during the day.
- Relax yourself and take a walk.
- Seek counseling or medical advice if you feel de-motivated.
What Are the Ways to Prevent Depression?Stress is the major cause for depression. Learn to deal with it and win your life. Here are some tips that would help you prevent from depression or depressive disorder.
- In a stressful situation, slow down and take a deep breath. Deep breath will help you to relax and can help to lower blood pressure and pulse rate.
- Learn to balance between victory and loss. Agree that lose is part of life.
- Reach out to people around you and accept help and support from others.
- Accept that we can’t control everything around us.
- Stop being so critical of yourself and others.
- Take good care of yourself. Eat and sleep properly.
- Exercise regularly.
- Say nice things to yourself
Medications for Depression Available at InternationalDrugMart.comWe, at www.internationaldrugmart.com, supply a wide range of medicines to treat Depression, which you can buy online and make incredible savings!
Pamelor (Nortriptyline) View All Other Medications >>
Herbal Medication(s) for Depression at InternationalDrugMart.com
Mentat (Mind Care), Mentat Syrup, Mentat Syrup DS
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Self Care – The Bottom Line to Lower Your DepressionHere are few simple, effective depression self-care tips that can reduce depression breakouts and control future breakouts.
- Get plenty of sleep
- Get out of bed early in the morning.
- Find positive outlets.
- Think about happy thoughts.
- Avoid poisonous people.
- Cultivate intimacy.
- Challenge depressed thinking.
- Feel your feelings
- Establish priorities
- Understand the challenges