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    Overview of Diabetes Type II
    You are here: Home > Pharmacy News | Health Articles/Tips > Diabetes Type II


      Type II Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by obesity and insulin resistance. Insulin resistance means that insulin produced by the pancreas cannot get inside the muscle cells to produce energy. Since the cells are not getting the required insulin, the pancreas produces more and more. Thus sugar builds up in the blood resulting hyperglycemia. Type II Diabetes is also referred to as adult-onset or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Type II diabetes is mostly found in elderly adults though it affects the younger ones.

      What Causes Diabetes Type II?

      Type II diabetes may be caused by complicated interplay of genes, environment, insulin abnormalities, increased glucose production in the liver, increased fat breakdown, and possibly defective hormonal secretions in the intestine. Obesity and inactive lifestyles are main factors that trigger the genetic elements to cause type II diabetes. However, many researches are underway to identify the actual cause of insulin resistance which leads to type II diabetes.

      What Are the Types of Diabetes Type II?

      Type I Diabetes mellitus: In this condition a person’s pancreas either produces little or no insulin. Though type I strikes people at any age it largely affects people below 30 years of age. Frequent insulin injection could keep the type I patients in a better way.

      Type II Diabetes Mellitus: A person with type II diabetes has adequate insulin but the cells have become resistant to it. Though type II diabetes could affect anyone, it is largely found in people above 35 years of age. Inactive lifestyle triggered by obesity and lack of exercise play a crucial role in developing type II diabetes.

      Gestational Diabetes (GD): About 4 percent of all pregnant women develop gestational diabetes. It usually appears during the second trimester and disappears after the birth of the baby.

      Pre-Diabetes: This is a condition where the blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not enough to be called diabetes. This is also known as “impaired fasting glucose” or “impaired glucose tolerance.” If pre-diabetes is diagnosed it is a warning that diabetes will develop later.

      What Are the Symptoms of Diabetes Type II?

      Symptoms of type II diabetes may seem harmless; in fact, you can have type II diabetes for years without knowing it. Increased thirst and frequent urination, extreme hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, slow healing of sores or cuts, and fatigue are some of the symptoms of type II diabetes. Some people with type II diabetes have patches of dark, velvety skin in the folds and creases of their bodies, usually in the armpits and neck. This condition, called acanthosis, nigricans, is a sign of insulin resistance.

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      What Are the Diagnosis & Tests for Diabetes Type II?

      It is advisable to perform routine screening of type II diabetes test, beginning at age of 45, especially if you are overweight. If the results are normal, repeat the test every three years. If the results are in the borderline, repeat the test every year. Once you report on the symptoms of type II diabetes, doctor might ask you to undergo a variety of blood tests which

      Random Blood sugar test: whereby a blood sample is taken at random, regardless of when you last ate. A random blood sugar level of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or higher suggests diabetes.

      Fasting blood sugar test: whereby blood sample is taken after an overnight fast. A fasting blood sugar level between 70 and 100 mg/dL is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL is considered pre-diabetes, which indicates a high risk of developing diabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL or above, you are diagnosed with diabetes.

      Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, physician may ask you to undergo other tests to distinguish between type I and type II diabetes. You may also be recommended glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This blood test indicates your blood sugar level for the past two or three months. This works by measuring the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin.

      What Are the Treatments Available for Diabetes Type II?

      Type II diabetes has no cure; it could only be controlled through routine blood sugar monitoring, regular exercise and the prescribed diabetes medications or insulin therapy. Based on your blood sugar levels, your doctor might prescribe either oral or injected medications to treat type II diabetes. Generally these medications inhibit the production and release of glucose from your pancreas. In addition to diabetes medications, your doctor might also prescribe low-dose aspirin therapy to help prevent heart and blood vessel disease.

      How Do You Cope Up with Diabetes Type II?

      You are not alone. More than 1 million Americans are affected by Type II Diabetes. Diabetes affects almost all individuals at one point of time in their life. Diabetes is controllable provided the medical attention is given immediately. Use these tips to cope with type II diabetes
      • Monitor your blood glucose levels periodically.
      • Take medications regularly, even if you are feeling better.
      • Plan your diet. Have a good balance of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
      • Try to eat at the same time everyday. This helps blood sugar levels remain constant.
      • Ensure to intake balanced nutrients as prescribed by your nutritionist.
      • Exercise regularly. This can lower immediate blood sugar.

      What Are the Ways to Prevent Diabetes Type II?

      It is difficult to prevent type II diabetes until you become a prey for it. Here are some tips that would help you keep your glucose levels in normal even if you are affected by type II diabetes.
      • Achieving and maintaining an ideal body weight is an important step in the prevention and treatment of diabetes.
      • Eating sugar and refined carbohydrates does not cause diabetes, however a high intake of the same may contribute towards weight gain.
      • Reduce the intake high sugar beverages like juices and carbohydrates like white bread, and simple cereals.
      • Reduce the intake of fat items.
      • Drink plenty of water; this helps you wash away the toxin from your body.
      • Above all, exercise regularly. It helps you regulate your body weight and in preventing insulin resistance.

      Medications for Diabetes Type II Available at InternationalDrugMart.com

      We, at www.internationaldrugmart.com, supply a wide range of medicines to treat Diabetes Type II, which you can buy online and make incredible savings!
      Prescription Medications for Diabetes Type II at InternationalDrugMart.com
      Avandia (Rosiglitazone),
      Amaryl (Glimepiride)
      Januvia (Sitagliptin)
      Glucotrol (Glipizide)
      Glucovance (Glyburide(Glibenclamide)-Metformin)
      View All Other Medications >>

      Herbal Medication(s) for Diabetes Type II at InternationalDrugMart.com
      Diabecon, Diabecon DS

      OTC Medication(s) for Diabetes Type II at InternationalDrugMart.com
      Nutein-D Nutrition Powder (Chocolate Flavor), Equal Sweetener, Sugar Free Sachets (Gold), Sugar Free Pellets

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      Self Care

      Here are few simple, effective diabetes self-care tips that can reduce diabetes breakouts and control future breakouts.
      • Exercise regularly. Walking is the best treatment for sugar.
      • Eat food rich in nutrients and fiber.
      • Reduce carbohydrates.
      • Drink plenty of water.


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