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    Overview of Ear Infections
    You are here: Home > Pharmacy News | Health Articles/Tips > Ear Infections


      Ear infection is one of the most common illnesses of early childhood. The medical term for this is otitis media. Also referred to as middle ear infection, it affects the middle ear. The tubes inside the ears become clogged with fluid and mucus. This can affect hearing, since the sound cannot get through the fluid.

      What Causes Ear Infection?

      Ear infections usually start with a viral infection, such as a common cold. The middle ear becomes inflamed from the infection, and fluid builds up behind the eardrum. Streptococcus pneumoniae and non-typable Haemophilus infulenzae are the most common bacterial causes for otitis media. Kids develop otitis media frequently the reasons being their eustachian tube which is shorter and more horizontal than those of adults. This structure allows bacteria and viruses to find their way into the middle ear more easily. Also the adenoids, The adenoids, which are gland-like structures located in the back of the upper throat near the eustachian tubes, are large in children and can interfere with the opening of the eustachian tubes. A number of other factors can contribute to kids getting ear infections, such as exposure to cigarette smoke, bottle-feeding, and day-care attendance. Ear infections also occur more commonly in boys than girls, in kids whose families have a history of ear infections, and during the winter season when upper respiratory tract infections or colds are frequent.

      What Are the Types of Ear Infection?

      Acute Otitis media (AOM): It is most often the viral infection accompanied by the viral upper respiratory infection (URI).There is congestion of the ears and perhaps mild discomfort and popping, but the symptoms resolve with the underlying URI. If the middle ear, which is normally sterile, becomes contaminated with bacteria, pus and pressure in the middle ear can result, and this is called acute bacterial otitis media.

      Otitis media with effusion (OME): Also called as serous or secretory otitis media (SOM), it is simply a collection of fluid that occurs within the middle ear space as a result of the negative pressure produced by altered Eustachian tube function. This can occur purely from a viral URI, with no pain or bacterial infection, or it can precede and/or follow acute bacterial otitis media.

      Chronic suppurative Otitis media: This involves a perforation (hole) in the eardrum and active bacterial infection within the middle ear space for several weeks or more. There may be enough pus that it drains to the outside of the ear (otorrhea), or the purulence may be minimal enough to only be seen on examination using a binocular microscope. This disease is much more common in persons with poor Eustachian tube function. Hearing impairment often accompanies this disease.

      What Are the Symptoms of Ear Infection?

      Ear infections are hard to detect, especially if your child is too young to talk. Look for signs of an infection in children like tugging of ears, crying more than usual, ear drainage, trouble sleeping, balance difficulties and hearing problems.

      What Are the Diagnosis & Tests for Ear Infection?

      Based on your symptom the doctor performs a physical examination using pneumatic otoscope, a small instrument similar to a flashlight. This helps them to examine the inflammation in the middle ear. He/She questions your kid’s medical history as well. Sometimes additional tests are prescribed for ear infections especially if your child has fluid in the middle ear.

      Tympanometry: A soft plug is inserted into the opening of the ear and the movement of the eardrum is watched. The plug includes a device that changes air pressure inside the ear.

      Acoustic reflectometry: During this test, the doctor uses a hand-held instrument to project sounds of varying frequencies into the ear. How the sounds are reflected indicates differences between empty space and fluid.

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      What Are the Treatments Available for Ear Infection?

      Ear infections go away on their own, but your health care provider may recommend pain relievers. Severe infections and infections in young babies may require antibiotics. Children who get frequent infections may need surgery to place small tubes inside their ears. The most common surgery for ear infections is a myringotomy. During this procedure, which requires general anesthesia, a surgeon inserts a small drainage tube through your child's eardrum. This helps drain the fluid and equalize the pressure between the middle ear and outer ear.

      How Do You Cope Up with Ear Infection?

      Your kid is not alone. More than 3 out of 4 kids have had at least one ear infection by the time they reach 3 years of age. Following are certain tips that would help your kid cope up with ear infections.
      • If your child is uncomfortable, ask the doctor about using an over-the-counter pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others).
      • Use the correct dose for your child's age and weight.
      • Don't give aspirin to children younger than age 16, due to the risk of Reye's syndrome — a rare but serious condition.
      • It also may help to place a warm, moist cloth over the affected ear.
      • When caring for your child, plan some low-key activities. These can be simple things such as reading books aloud or playing board games.

      What Are the Ways to Prevent Ear Infection?

      Ear infection is treatable provided proper medical attention is given at the right time. Following are certain tips that might help you prevent ear infection.
      • Breastfeed infants for at least 6 months to help prevent the development of early episodes of ear infections.
      • If a child is bottle-fed, hold the infant at an angle rather than allowing the child to lie down with the bottle.
      • Prevent exposure to secondhand smoke, which can increase the frequency and severity of ear infections.
      • Reduce exposure, if possible, to large groups of other kids, such as in child-care centers.Because multiple upper respiratory infections may also lead to frequent ear infections.
      • Both parents and kids should practice good hand washing.
      • Keep children's immunizations up-to-date, because certain vaccines can help prevent ear infections
      • Increase the intake of zinc and vitamin C in your kid’s diet.

      Medications for Ear infection Available at InternationalDrugMart.com

      We, at www.internationaldrugmart.com, supply a wide range of medicines to treat Ear infection, which you can buy online and make incredible savings!

      Prescription Medications for Ear infection at InternationalDrugMart.com
      Augmentin (Amoxicillin–clavulanate), Amoxil (Amoxicillin), Bactrim (Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim), Biaxin (Clarithromycin), Ceclor (Cefaclor), Ceftin (Cefuroxime), Erythromycin, Pencillin V, Zithromax (Azithromycin)

      OTC Medication(s) for Ear infection at InternationalDrugMart.com
      Genticyn Eye Ear Drops

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      Self Care – The Bottom Line to Lower Your Ear Infection

      Here are few simple, effective ear infections self-care tips that can reduce ear infections breakouts and control future breakouts.
      • Apply a warm compress to your kid’s ears to relive from the ear pain.
      • Fry a lot of sliced onions in oil till they turn brown. Strain this through a thin fabric and put 1 drop of it in each ear to decrease pain. You can do this twice a day to effectively diminish ear pain.
      • Olive oil is another home remedy for ear pain. Soak a cotton ball in it and put it in bath the ears 2 times a day.
      • You can also stick a cotton ball soaked in garlic oil or juice and stick it in the infected ear.
      • Wash your ears with colloidal silver to reduce ear pain
      • Try putting a few drops of warmed juice of a mango leaf in the ears for controlling ear pain. This natural cure is very beneficial in providing relies from ear pain.


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