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    Overview of Endometriosis
    You are here: Home > Pharmacy News | Health Articles/Tips > Endometriosis


      Endometriosis is the problem with the lining of the uterus in woman. This lining also called as endometrium or endometrial tissue is found only inside the uterus. Every month during your period, the endometrial tissue comes out in your menstrual flow. However, in endometriosis, the lining or endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus in other areas like the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the ligaments that support the uterus, the intestines, the bladder, the internal area between the vagina and rectum, and the lining of the pelvic cavity. During period, this growth swells and bleeds just like the endometrial tissue within the uterus, resulting in painful conditions.

      What Causes Endometriosis?

      The causes of endometriosis are uncertain. There are several theories about how the endometrial tissue goes outside the uterus. One theory suggests that during the menstrual period, pieces of tissues may flow back through the fallopian tubes into the abdomen, instead of going outside of the body through the vagina. History of endometriosis among family members can also cause the condition in teens and women. Another theory is that endometrial tissue cells travel out of the uterus through blood or lymph vessels, and then start growing in the new locations where they're deposited. Yet another theory suggests that some girls are born with "misplaced" cells that can turn into endometrial implants later in life. Scientists continue to research the condition to help doctors fully understand and treat it.

      What Are the Types of Endometriosis?

      Endometrial implants: This is usually found in the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities. These are small deposits usually of 1 to 2 mm in diameter. At time they may be still small that it could be seen only with a microscope. The deposits appear like single dots or small clusters of dots. They may be clear, red, black, or white, depending on how old they are and in what stage of development they are.

      Endometrial nodules: These lumps vary in shape and size, but they are usually elongated and about 2 mm to 3 mm in length. They usually lie below the peritoneum, and they often infiltrate the underlying tissues. They are most commonly found in or near the ligaments of the uterus, in the pouch of Douglas (just above the cervix), and rectovaginal septum (between the rectum and vagina).

      Endometriomas or Cystic ovarian endometriosis: Usually found in or on the ovary, these are endometrial cysts that are mostly 3-4 cm in diameter but can grow as large as 15 cm. They are found in or on the ovary. They are often referred to as "chocolate cysts" because of the typical chocolate like fluid they contain. These cysts usually form adhesions with the pelvic wall and the other organs of the pelvis.

      What Are the Symptoms of Endometriosis?

      Very painful menstrual cramps, pain with periods that gets worse over time, chronic pain in the lower back and pelvis, pain during or after sex, pain in the intestines, heavy or long menstrual periods, spotting or bleeding between periods, infertility, fatigue, gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea, constipation, bloating are certain symptoms of endometriosis. Not all symptoms indicate endometriosis. Other conditions like infection also have the same symptoms. However, if you experience any one of the above said symptoms, it is better to meet the gynecologist earlier.

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      What Are the Diagnosis & Tests for Endometriosis?

      If you experience any painful symptoms during your menstrual cycle, it is better to consult the gynecologist immediately. Upon your report to symptoms, the gynecologist notes down the history of your menstrual cycle. He/She might ask you certain questions like when did the periods and your symptoms began the regulatory of your cycle and history of endometriosis in your family. The diagnosis might include a pelvic exam that helps the doctor determine whether you have endometriosis.

      Vaginal ultrasound imaging: During a vaginal ultrasound, a wand-shaped scanner (transducer) is inserted into your vagina. In an ultrasound of the pelvis via the abdomen, a small scanner is moved across your abdomen. While this test cannot detect the smallest forms of endometriosis, it will be able to detect endometriomas and other abnormalities that may contribute to your symptoms.

      Laparoscopy: If your doctor concludes that you may have endometriosis, then he/she will conduct a laparoscopy. This helps doctor see the endometriosis implants which cannot be felt clearly in other tests. Laparoscopy is a minor surgical procedure conducted while you are under anesthesia. A thin instrument called a laparoscope, which looks like a tiny telescope, is inserted into the pelvic cavity through a small cut near the belly button. This procedure usually shows the location, size, and extent of the growths of endometrial implants.

      What Are the Treatments Available for Endometriosis?

      Endometriosis cannot be cured; however, it could be controlled and managed if given proper medical attention. The treatment for endometriosis depends on the severity of your endometrial implants. If you have mild symptoms of endometriosis, your doctor might prescribe you some over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen or naproxen to cope with your pain. Your doctor might also prescribe hormonal drugs that suppress the growth of endometrial implants. However, hormonal drugs are not prescribed to women who wish to become pregnant. These treatments are best for women who have small growths and who don't have severe pain. Surgery is prescribed for women who have severe cases of endometriosis like endometrial nodules or endometriomas. There are several kinds of surgical procedures which include:

      Laparoscopy: This procedure is used to diagnose and treat endometriosis. During the surgery, doctors remove growths and scar tissue while the patient is under anesthesia. The goal is to remove the endometrial tissue without damaging the healthy tissue around it. The growths and scar tissue are destroyed with extreme heat. The recovery process from laparoscopy is generally pretty fast.

      Laparotomy or major abdominal surgery: It is the last resort for severe endometriosis. During this surgery, the doctor makes an incision in the abdomen. Then he/she removes growths of endometriosis in the pelvis or abdomen. Recovery times vary from patient to patient.

      Hysterectomy: This is done for women who do not wish to become pregnant in the future. During this surgery, the uterus is removed entirely. The ovaries and fallopian tubes may be removed as well. This procedure is only considered when the endometriosis has done severe damage to the reproductive organs.

      How Do You Cope Up with Endometriosis?

      You are not alone. Endometriosis affects more than 5 million American women, including teen girls.
      Following are certain tips that would help you cope up with endometriosis.
      • Ensure that you get plenty of rest especially during your periods.
      • Eat a regular, balanced meal.
      • Avoid sugary, fatty foods and caffeine.
      • Exercise gently. This stimulates your hormone that lifts your mood and reduces depression.
      • Relax well.
      • Use heat packs during pain.
      • Manage with your emotions. Mood swings can be a result of the hormonal fluctuations that come during your period, and endometriosis can worsen symptoms.
      • Share with your family and friends about your condition.

      What Are the Ways to Prevent Endometriosis?

      There is no certain way to prevent endometriosis until you develop it. It is said that women who have given birth are less likely to develop endometriosis than are women who have not.

      Medications for Endometriosis Available at InternationalDrugMart.com:

      We, at www.internationaldrugmart.com, supply a wide range of medicines to treat Endometriosis, which you can buy online and make incredible savings!
      Prescription Medications for Endometriosis at InternationalDrugMart.com
      Aygestin (Norethindrone/Norethisterone),
      Alesse (Levonorgestrel ethinyl estradiol),
      Apri (Desogestrel-ethinyl estradiol)
      Danocrine (Danazol)
      Desogen (Desogestrel-ethinyl estradiol)
      View All Other Medications >>

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      Self Care

      Endometriosis can be a frustrating disorder if it remains untreated. The pain that often accompanies it can cause missed school or work days. As it continues, the discomfort can cause depression, irritability, anxiety and anger. If you are trying to have children and cannot, endometriosis can cause feelings of helplessness. Following tips can help you control your endometriosis break out.
      • Join a support group for women with condition.
      • Learn to deal with your emotions.
      • Intake of vitamin and mineral supplements can be helpful in controlling endometriosis.


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