Common forms of arthritis you should know about
About 54 million adults in the USA have doctor-diagnosed arthritis. This is a leading cause of disability in the US. There are over 100 types of arthritis and the most common type is osteoarthritis.
This is the ‘wear and tear’ that happens to your joints when they get overused. This may also happen due to obesity or joint injuries. What actually happens is that the cartilage which is the slippery material covering the ends of your bones, breaks down. This damage causes pain when you move. Symptoms of osteoarthritis include pain that’s a deep ache, morning stiffness, stiffness after a period of rest, pain while walking and trouble bending or climbing stairs.
The real cause of this is not known but it could be due to the immune system getting confused and attacking joints after a bacterial or viral attack. This usually affects multiple joints and there could be pain, stiffness, and swelling in the hands, wrists, shoulders, knees, elbows, ankles, feet, jaw and neck. Another major symptom is morning stiffness which can last for hours or even the full day.
This inflammation of the skin (psoriasis) and joints (arthritis). Psoriasis is a disease that results in patchy, raised, red and white areas of inflamed skin that has scales. Normally, this affects the scalp, elbows and knees, navel, genital areas or anus. However, only 10% to 30% with this disease will end up with psoriatic arthritis. The typical symptoms are swelling in the fingers and toes and fingernails that are pitted or discolored.
This form of arthritis is due to the collection of uric acid crystals in a joint. The symptoms consist of intense joint pain usually in the big toe, but it could affect ankles, knees, elbows, wrists, or fingers too. The joint may be stiff and could leave it red swollen and tender.
Lupus (also called SLE or systemic lupus erythematosus) is an autoimmune disease which can attack your joints and organs. Women are more prone to getting this disease. Symptoms include painful and swollen joints, hair loss, mouth sensitivity, chest pain, rashes, blood disorders, sun sensitivity, fatigue and so on.