Common eye diseases that come with age
Age makes you slowdown in many ways and can also result in a host of vision problems. Here are the most common ones to stay aware of and work towards preventing.
Diabetic eye disease
Those with diabetes are more susceptible to eye disease as they age. Diabetic eye disease is caused because of damaged blood vessels in the retina. Then these blood vessels may either bleed or leak fluid. If this is left without control, it may lead to permanent vision loss.
This is a condition caused when there is abnormal high pressure on the eye. This condition commonly affects seniors and untreated glaucoma leads to blindness. Glaucoma is of two types, primary and secondary. While there is no known cause for primary glaucoma, secondary glaucoma can be due to reasons such as diabetes, tumors, inflammation and advanced cataract.
The simplest way to describe cataract would be a clouding of the lens in the eye. This leaves vision cloudy and blurry, colors might look faded out and one might experience a lot of glare. As we age, the protein in the eye may clump together and cloud a portion of the lens in the eye. Slowly, this may grow larger and reduce vision drastically. While early cataract may be treated with better lighting, anti-glare glasses, new eyeglasses and so on, advanced cataract requires surgery.
Dry eye syndrome
The common symptoms of this are a gritty or sandy feeling in the eye, blurred vision, sore eyes or a burning sensation. Dry eye syndrome is caused by poor quality tears and insufficient tears. Eye drops are usually prescribed to relieve this but if needed other medications are prescribed and in-office procedures may be performed.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
This condition majorly impacts the macula, the tiny portion found at the center of the retina which gives you sharp central vision. AMD can make it tough to take on detail-oriented tasks such as reading, writing, driving or identifying various shades of colors. Distorted, fuzzy, or shadowy central vision is one the early signs of AMD.