- Swelling in one leg, both legs will rarely get swollen.
- Leg pain. This usually starts in the calf and may feel like you have soreness or cramping.
- Warmth in the leg that’s affected.
- Red or discolored skin in the leg.
- Those with a genetic disposition for blood clotting where blood tends to clot more easily
- Prolonged bed rest when hospitalized or paralyzed. Since the muscles are still, this does not allow the blood to circulate.
- If you have been injured or recently had a surgery, the risk factor increases quite a bit.
- During pregnancy, Women would experience increased levels of pressure on the pelvis and legs and this can be a cause. Post-pregnancy, the risk lasts up to six weeks.
- Smoking, Heart Disease, cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, birth control pills, family history and so on are key factors that can put you at risk for DVT.
What makes Deep Vein Thrombosis so dangerous?
Every year, over 900,000 Americans suffer from Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) and it turns fatal for 100,000. What is this disease that many of us are unaware of? This condition occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) gets formed inside the deep veins in your body. This could get formed inside a single vein or multiple veins, but it usually happens in the legs. This may have leg pain or swelling, but sometimes there are no symptoms.
Why is it so dangerous?
The blood clot inside the deep vein can sometimes break and form a smaller clot or clots that travel in the bloodstream. If a clot gets lodged in the lungs, it will block the blood flow and can cause organ damage and even death.
How to recognize DVT?
Who is at risk?
How to prevent DVT
Regular exercise helps to keep blood clots at bay. In case you had surgery or an injury, try to get moving as soon as possible. If you are sitting for a long time, avoid crossing your legs as this may impair blood flow. If you are travelling long distance by car, try to stop, step out and walk around once an hour at least. On a plane, try to walk a bit or if that’s not possible exercise by raising and lowering your heels as your toes are placed on the floor. Quit smoking. Lose weight.