- Polydipsia: an increase in thirst
- Polyuria: frequent urination
- Polyphagia: a rise in appetite
Do you know the three P’s of diabetes?
Diabetes is a disorder where the blood sugar levels are too high. In a normal person, the pancreas produces insulin which is important in the process of helping the body store and use the sugar and fat extracted from food. Diabetes is a condition that occurs as a result of the pancreas producing very little or no insulin, or in cases where your body does not respond properly to insulin.
How do you know if you have diabetes? Here are some of the most common symptoms which are known as the 3 P’s of diabetes:
When you have diabetes and blood sugar levels are high and this results in the kidney trying to get rid of excess sugar by producing more urine. This will make you feel thirsty. However, this thirst is not like the normal kind of thirst, it’s a persistent and unexplained thirst no matter how much water you drink. You may not have to hit the panic button on diabetes always though, sometimes excessive thirst can be a symptom of dehydration, osmotic diuresis or mental health issues.
If you are passing more urine that the normal quantity, this condition is known as polyuria. A normal person would pass 1–2 liters of urine per day (1 liter equals about 4 cups). However, those suffering from polyuria produce over 3 liters of urine per day. There are a few other conditions where people pass more urine than normal and this includes pregnancy, diabetes insipidus, kidney problems, mental health issues, medications such as diuretics and high calcium levels.
This is a condition where you feel excessive hunger. The reason is that when people have diabetes, the glucose is unable to enter the cells to produce energy. This may be either due to low insulin levels or insulin resistance. As the body is unable to convert the sugar into energy, one would start feeling very hungry.