- Being overweight.
- Aged 45 or older.
- Have a parent, brother or sister who has Type 2 diabetes.
- Not physically active enough and exercise less than three times weekly.
- Had gestational diabetes or gave birth to a baby weighing over 9 pounds.
- Have polycystic ovary syndrome.
Identify prediabetes and prevent diabetes!
The number of diabetics in the US have increased and so has the number of those who have prediabetes. Prediabetes is a condition where the blood glucose level is higher than normal yet not high enough to be ranked as diabetes. Many are unaware about this condition and miss out on an important window that can prevent it from developing into full-fledged Type-2 diabetes.
A fasting glucose of 100 to 125 or an A1C level of 5.7 to 6.4 is considered prediabetes, while fasting blood sugar level of 126 or higher, or an A1C of 6.5 and up is considered diabetes.
Prediabetes does not have any symptoms. However, if you have any of the following risk factors, it’s important to check.
Race and ethnicity matter here. Segments such as African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, Pacific Islanders, and some Asian Americans are more prone to contracting prediabetes.
How to prevent Type-2 diabetes
Many get stressed and worried once diagnosed with prediabetes and think that it will automatically develop into diabetes. However, if proper precautions are taken, this can be prevented. If you are overweight, go ahead and shed those extra pounds. This will cut down the risk by half. Get at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise such as brisk walking per week
Take a closer look at your diet, start eating healthier and get your healthy carbs from fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes like beans. Include fiber as it helps the body digest and control sugar levels. Get adequate sleep and control stress levels.
These lifestyle changes can help you prevent Type-2 diabetes.