What is Ticagrelor used for?
Ticagrelor is used to prevent another heart attack or stroke in patients who have had heart attack (myocardial infarction) or severe chest pain (unstable angina). Ticagrelor belongs to the group of drugs called antiplatelet agents (platelet aggregation inhibitors). Ticagrelor works by stopping the clumping of platelets (a type of blood cell) and this lowers the chance of formation of blood clots that can block the blood supply to the heart.
Ticagrelor is usually prescribed in combination with aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) to reduce the risk of acute coronary syndrome (such as heart attack or chest pain) in patients who have suffered a prior heart attack or severe chest pain.
Ticagrelor may also be used to treat other conditions as determined by your doctor.
What is the recommended dosage of Ticagrelor?
The dosage of Ticagrelor prescribed to each patient will vary. Always follow your physician’s instructions and/or the directions on the prescription drug label.
Swallow Ticagrelor tablets whole with a full glass of water, with or without food. Take Ticagrelor at around the same time each day.
What if you miss a dose of Ticagrelor?
If your physician has instructed or directed you to take Ticagrelor medication in a regular schedule and you have missed a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, then skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the doses to catch up for the missed dose.
What if you overdose on Ticagrelor?
Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose of Ticagrelor, seek medical attention immediately.
Overdose symptoms of Ticagrelor may include irregular heartbeat, excessive bleeding, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
What other drug(s) could interact with Ticagrelor?
- St. John's wort
It may be noted that drugs other than those listed above may also interact with Ticagrelor. Make sure to inform your doctor if you are taking any of the above-mentioned drugs.
Ticagrelor can interact with the following types of medicines: ‘statin’ anti-cholesterol medications, azole antifungals, HIV medications, high blood pressure medications, heart medicines, certain antibiotics, seizure medications, blood thinners, tuberculosis medications and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications.
Usually drug interactions may occur when certain drugs are taken together. Before you take a medication for a particular ailment, you should inform the health expert about intake of any prescription medications, over-the-counter products (non-prescription medications) and dietary supplements like vitamins, minerals and herbals, which may increase the effect of Ticagrelor. This information can help your doctor to warn you of any possible drug interactions.
Do let your doctor know if you smoke, consume alcohol or caffeinated drinks, or use illegal drugs as these may interfere with the action of your medication. It is also important to tell your healthcare professional if you have any medical conditions or a family history of any medical problems. Do not start or stop using any medicine without consulting your doctor.
What are the side effects of Ticagrelor?
Like other medicines, Ticagrelor can cause some side effects. If they do occur, the side effects of Ticagrelor are most likely to be minor and temporary. However, some may be serious and may require the individual to inform the doctor or visit the nearest hospital immediately.
It is pertinent to note that side effects of Ticagrelor cannot be anticipated. If any side effects of Ticagrelor develop or change in intensity, the doctor should be informed as soon as possible.
Ticagrelor can cause side effects such as nausea, cough, dizziness, diarrhea, headache and shortness of breath. This is not a complete list of all side effects. Do concur with your doctor and follow his directions completely when you are taking Ticagrelor.
What are the questions to ask your doctor before taking Ticagrelor?
Is it possible for me to take Ticagrelor with other drugs?
Should certain beverages, foods and other products be avoided when I take Ticagrelor?
What are the possible drug interactions of Ticagrelor?
How will Ticagrelor work in my body?
How should Ticagrelor be taken?
How to reduce the risk of Ticagrelor drug interactions and side effects?
What other important information should you know about Ticagrelor?
Before taking Ticagrelor, make sure to tell your doctor if you
- have liver disease/reduced liver function
- have lung problems
- have elective (planned) surgery or a dental procedure
- have an increased risk of bleeding
- have a history of intracranial hemorrhage
- are allergic to Ticagrelor, or if you have ever had an allergic reaction to any other medicines.
- Ticagrelor may cause dizziness/drowsiness. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do any activities that require alertness until you are certain you can perform such tasks safely.
- Be sure to tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding.
- Avoid drinking alcohol while taking Ticagrelor.
- Avoid smoking while on treatment with Ticagrelor.
- Ticagrelor may increase the risk of bleeding or bruising. Use extra caution while using sharp objects such as razors and fingernail clippers. Also, stay away from contact sports or other activities where you could get injured.
The health and medical information provided here is intended to supplement and not substitute for the expertise and judgment of your physician, pharmacists or other health care professional. It should not be understood to indicate that the use of Ticagrelor is safe, appropriate or effective for you. Always consult your health care professional before using this, or any other, drug.