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What is Pilocarpine used for?

Pilocarpine tablet is used to treat dry mouth caused by radiation treatment for head/neck cancer. This medicine is also used to treat dry mouth in patients with Sjogren's syndrome. It belongs to a class of medications called cholinergic agonists. Pilocarpine works by increasing the secretion of saliva in the mouth.

Pilocarpine ophthalmic solution is used to treat glaucoma and other conditions of the eye. By causing constriction of the eye pupil and by draining excess fluid from the eye, Pilocarpine lowers high pressure inside the eyes. This medicine may also be used to treat other conditions as determined by your doctor.

What is the recommended dosage of Pilocarpine?

The dosage of Pilocarpine prescribed to each patient will vary. Always follow your physician’s instructions and/or the directions on the prescription drug label.

Pilocarpine tablet can be taken with or without food.

Before applying Pilocarpine eye drops, wash your hands. Do not let the dropper tip touch your eyes or any other surface.

What if you miss a dose of Pilocarpine?

If your physician has instructed or directed you to use Pilocarpine medication in a regular schedule and you have missed a dose of this medicine, use it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, then skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the doses unless otherwise directed.

What if you overdose on Pilocarpine?

Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose of Pilocarpine, seek medical attention immediately.

What other drugs could interact with Pilocarpine?

It may be noted that drugs other than those listed above may also interact with Pilocarpine.

Usually drug interactions occur when it is taken with another drug or with food. Before you take a medication for a particular ailment, you should inform the health expert about intake of any other medications including non-prescription medications, over-the-counter medicines that may increase the effect of Pilocarpine, and dietary supplements like vitamins, minerals and herbal, so that the doctor can warn you of any possible drug interactions.

Pilocarpine tablet can interact with antihistamines and antidepressants.

Do let your doctor know if you smoke, consume alcohol or caffeinated drinks, or use illegal drugs as these may interfere with the action of your medication. Make sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions you may have, or any family history of medical problems. Do not start or stop using any medicine without consulting your doctor.

What are the side effects of Pilocarpine?

Like other medicines, Pilocarpine can cause some side effects. If they do occur, the side effects of Pilocarpine are most likely to be minor and temporary. However, some may be serious and may require the individual to inform the doctor or visit the nearest hospital immediately.

It is pertinent to note that side effects of Pilocarpine cannot be anticipated. If any side effects of Pilocarpine develop or change in intensity, the doctor should be informed as soon as possible.

Pilocarpine tablet can cause side effects such as dizziness, changes in vision, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and stuffy nose.

Pilocarpine ophthalmic solution can cause side effects such as headache, browache, and eye irritation, stinging, or burning. This is not a complete list of all side effects. Do concur with your doctor and follow his directions completely when you are using Pilocarpine.

What are the questions to ask your doctor before taking Pilocarpine?

Is it possible for me to use Pilocarpine with other drugs?
Should certain beverages, foods and other products be avoided when I use Pilocarpine?
What are the possible drug interactions of Pilocarpine?
How will Pilocarpine work in my body?
How should Pilocarpine be used?
How to reduce the risk of Pilocarpine drug interactions and side effects?


The health and medical information provided here is intended to supplement and not substitute for the expertise and judgment of your physician, pharmacists or other health care professional. It should not be understood to indicate that the use of Pilocarpine is safe, appropriate or effective for you. Always consult your health care professional before using this, or any other, drug.


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