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What is Silymarin used for?

Silymarin is a flavonoid complex used to treat liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis. This medicine, which is extracted from the seeds of the milk thistle plant, protects the liver from toxic damage. Silymarin is a liver-specific antioxidant that is also used in the treatment of gallbladder disorders. This medicine may also be used to treat other conditions as determined by your doctor.

What is the recommended dosage of Silymarin?

The dosage of Silymarin prescribed to each patient will vary. Always follow your physician’s instructions and/or the directions on the prescription drug label.

Silymarin should be taken with food.

What if you miss a dose of Silymarin?

If your physician has instructed or directed you to take Silymarin medication in a regular schedule and you have missed a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, then skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the doses unless otherwise directed.

What if you overdose on Silymarin?

Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose of Silymarin, seek medical attention immediately.

What other drugs could interact with Silymarin?

Usually drug interactions occur when it is taken with another drug or with food. Before you take a medication for a particular ailment, you should inform the health expert about intake of any other medications including non-prescription medications, over-the-counter medicines that may increase the effect of Silymarin, and dietary supplements like vitamins, minerals and herbal, so that the doctor can warn you of any possible drug interactions.

Silymarin can interact with oral contraceptives.

Do let your doctor know if you smoke, consume alcohol or caffeinated drinks, or use illegal drugs as these may interfere with the action of your medication. Make sure to inform your doctor of any medical conditions you may have, or any family history of medical problems. Do not start or stop using any medicine without consulting your doctor.

What are the side effects of Silymarin?

Like other medicines, Silymarin can cause some side effects. If they do occur, the side effects of Silymarin are most likely to be minor and temporary. However, some may be serious and may require the individual to inform the doctor or visit the nearest hospital immediately.

It is pertinent to note that side effects of Silymarin cannot be anticipated. If any side effects of Silymarin develop or change in intensity, the doctor should be informed as soon as possible.

Silymarin can cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, mild headache, joint pain, and diarrhea. This is not a complete list of all side effects. Do concur with your doctor and follow his directions completely when you are taking Silymarin.

What are the questions to ask your doctor before taking Silymarin?

Is it possible for me to take Silymarin with other drugs?
Should certain beverages, foods and other products be avoided when I take Silymarin?
What are the possible drug interactions of Silymarin?
How will Silymarin work in my body?
How should Silymarin be taken?
How to reduce the risk of Silymarin drug interactions and side effects?


The health and medical information provided here is intended to supplement and not substitute for the expertise and judgment of your physician, pharmacists or other health care professional. It should not be understood to indicate that the use of Silymarin is safe, appropriate or effective for you. Always consult your health care professional before using this, or any other, drug.


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